Hyundai Kona going through the avoidance test for its overall score.

No single attribute makes a car truly great by itself. That’s why Consumer Reports has always rated each car using a group of assessments, either data-driven or drawn from the experiences of our testers and members.

Cutting through all that information can be demanding for a car shopper who’s short on time. CR combines its test and survey findings into a convenient Overall Score to help our members quickly find the best cars, SUVs, and trucks to suit their needs.

“Our Overall Score is the only way to see the full picture of how a car stacks up,” says Jake Fisher, director of auto testing for Consumer Reports. “Having one score makes it easy to see which cars are the best and the worst. On top of that, we’ve seen the industry make their cars better based on our test findings and our ratings, and all consumers are the beneficiaries of that work.”

Overall Score Factors

Every car we test gets a score that encapsulates four key factors: Road Test, Reliability, Owner Satisfaction, and Safety.

1. Our road-test program looks at how vehicles perform in the real world. We run roughly 50 new cars and trucks each year through more than 50 tests at our 327-acre test facility in Colchester, Conn. Those tests include acceleration, braking, emergency handling, and fuel economy, among others. We also evaluate usability, fit and finish, noise, ride, and safety systems.

2. We survey Consumer Reports members to gauge the reliability of the cars out on the road today. Every year, we collect detailed information on their experiences with hundreds of thousands of cars. The data is presented online for 17 key trouble areas. We also use the data to calculate the predicted reliability for new vehicles coming onto the market.

3. Owner satisfaction is based on whether a CR member would buy the same car again if they had a chance to do it over again, effectively measuring whether a car lived up to its owner’s expectations. In our exclusive Auto Survey, owners also rate their cars for the driving experience, comfort, and value.

4. Safety ratings include crash-test data from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), if they’ve been conducted. We give extra credit to vehicles that have the advanced safety systems that have been shown to reduce crashes, injuries, and deaths when they are offered as standard equipment across all trim levels of a model. Those systems include automatic emergency braking (AEB), forward collision warning (FCW), pedestrian detection, and blind spot warning. We deduct points if a vehicle gets a inferior rating in a federal or industry crash test. And we deduct points from monostable gear selectors that lack fail-safes (such as automatically returning to Park or engaging the parking brake when the engine is shut off to prevent the possibility of rollaway crashes).

Learn more about how CR rates cars.

Consumer Reports' Overall Score can help you find your next car.
Illustration: Thomas Porostocky

The Overall Score is not static. As new testing, reliability, owner satisfaction, and safety data become available, the scores will be updated on That means members can always access the most current assessment of what makes the best-driving, most reliable, most satisfying, and safest cars.

See the latest CR car ratings.

Hybrids are rated by Overall Score.

Avoidance Maneuver Testing

How important is car handling when it comes to emergency maneuvering? 'Consumer 101' TV show host, Jack Rico, joins Consumer Reports' experts at the test track to find out.