The Ford Ranger falls far short of modern pickup-truck standards. It's ungainly and stiff-riding; has a rough and noisy, inefficient engine; and a cramped, uncomfortable cabin. The interior is crudely finished. Compact dimensions and a usefully sized bed are the Ranger's only pluses. Even if you took thousands off its list price, the Ranger still would not be a bargain.
Alerts
There are 10 recalls on this vehicle. Learn More.

Road Test Results

Performance
Acceleration Acceleration Acceleration tests are conducted on a smooth, flat pavement straightaway at the track. Time, speed, and distance measurements are taken with a precise GPS-based device that’s hooked to a data-logging computer.
0 to 60 mph 0 to 60 mph (sec.) The time in seconds that a vehicle takes to reach 60 mph from a standstill with the engine idling.
Transmission Transmission Transmission performance is determined by shifting smoothness, response, shifter action, and clutch actuation for manual transmissions.
Braking Braking The braking rating is a composite of wet and dry stopping distances and pedal feel. Braking distance is from 60 mph, with no wheels locked.
Emergency Handling Emergency Handling Several factors go into the rating, including the avoidance maneuver speed and confidence, as well as how the vehicle behaves when pushed to its limit.
Comfort / Convenience
Ride Ride Our expert judgment of how well the suspension isolates and absorbs road imperfections and how steady it keeps the body on various road surfaces.
Noise Noise Our expert judgment of the vehicle's interior noise level in everyday driving.
Front Seat Comfort Front Seat Comfort Our judgment of how comfortable the front seat is for drivers of various heights.
Rear Seat Comfort Rear Seat Comfort Our judgment of how comfortable the rear seat is for two passengers to sit across.
Interior Fit and Finish Interior Fit and Finish An expert evaluation of the interior quality and craftsmanship.
NA
Trunk/Cargo Area Trunk/Cargo Area Our rating is based on the amount of luggage or cargo space that a vehicle has in the trunk or cargo area.
Fuel Economy & Emissions
Fuel Economy Fuel Economy We perform our own fuel-economy tests, independent of the government's often-quoted EPA figures and the manufacturers' claims. Using a precise fuel-flow measuring device spliced into the fuel line, we run two separate circuits to represent city and highway consumption.
CR's Overall Mileage CR's Overall Mileage CR's overall mileage is a composite of measured fuel usage on a prescribed city course and highway cruising; and CR's 150-mile test trip of mixed driving, if tested. In recent road tests, we've discontinued the 150-mile trip test.
CR's City Mileage CR's City Mileage Measured fuel usage on a prescribed city course.
CR's Highway Mileage CR's Highway Mileage Measured fuel usage on a prescribed highway cruising.
Annual Fuel Cost Annual Fuel Cost The cost and amount of fuel used in 12,000 miles and is calculated from CR's overall mileage.
Greenhouse Gas Greenhouse Gas The Greenhouse Gas Rating represents the amount of carbon dioxide the vehicle emits compared to other vehicles of the same model year. This score from the EPA ranges from 1 (worst) to 10 (best).
NA
Smog Rating Smog Rating The Smog Rating represents the amount of health-damaging and smog-forming airborne pollutants the vehicle emits compared to other vehicles of the same model year. This score from the EPA ranges from 1 (worst) to 10 (best).
NA

Owner Reports

Worse Better
Reliability History Reliability History The reliability charts are based on responses on hundreds of thousands of vehicles from our latest Annual Auto Survey. Consumer Reports subscribers reported on any serious problems they had with their vehicles during the past 12 months that they considered serious because of cost, failure, safety, or downtime, in any of the trouble spots included in the table below. The results are presented relative to the average model that year. Extra weight is given to the more serious areas such as major engine or transmission problems. Based on this data and further analysis, we predict reliability for the latest year. N/A indicates that we did not receive a large enough sample size to provide data for a specific year. An X indicates that the vehicle was not manufactured for a specific year.
2000
2001
2002
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2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
Reliability Trouble Spots
Engine Major Engine Major Engine rebuild or replacement, cylinder head, head gasket, turbo or supercharger, timing chain or timing belt.
Engine Minor Engine Minor Accessory belts and pulleys, engine computer, engine mounts, engine knock or ping, oil leaks.
Engine Cooling Engine Cooling Radiator, cooling fan, antifreeze leaks, water pump, thermostat, overheating.
Transmission Major Transmission Major Transmission rebuild or replacement, torque converter, clutch replacement.
Transmission Minor Transmission Minor Gear selector or linkage, leaks, transmission computer, transmission sensor or solenoid, clutch adjustment, rough shifting, slipping transmission.
Drive System Drive System Driveshaft or axle, CV joint, differential, transfer case, 4WD/AWD components, driveline vibration, traction control, electronic stability control (ESC), electrical failure.
Owner Satisfaction Owner Satisfaction To learn about satisfaction, CR has collected survey data from our annual survey on more than half a million vehicles. Our subscribers provide great insights into their satisfaction by answering one simple question: If they had it to do all over again, would they definitely buy or lease the same model? In addition, respondents also rate their cars in six categories: driving experience, comfort, value, styling, audio, and climate systems. N/A indicates that we did not receive a large enough sample size to provide data for a specific year. An X indicates that the vehicle was not manufactured for a specific year.
2000
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2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
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2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
Driving Experience Driving Experience Includes acceleration and handling
Comfort Comfort Includes seats, climate control, noise, and ride
Value Value Did you get what you wanted relative to the price you paid?
Styling Styling How it looks inside and out
Safety Equipment
ABS standard. ESC and side air bags standard from 2010. FCW and AEB standard from 2019.
Road Test
The Ford Ranger falls far short of modern pickup-truck standards. It's ungainly and stiff-riding; has a rough and noisy, inefficient engine; and a cramped, uncomfortable cabin. The interior is crudely finished. Compact dimensions and a usefully sized bed are the Ranger's only pluses. Even if you took thousands off its list price, the Ranger still would not be a bargain. Stability control and side air bags are standard for 2010. This is the last year for the Ranger.
Seating
3 front, 2 rear
Drive Wheels
4WD, Rear
Warranty
Coverage varies among versions of this vehicle

In most cases, automotive warranties are based on the vehicle identification number (VIN), and the warranty will be valid regardless of ownership. The dealership can tell you exactly how much warranty is left.

Read more about extended warranties
Body Styles
extended cab
regular cab
Transmissions Available
  • 5-speed Manual
  • 5-speed Automatic
Engines Available
  • 2.3-liter 4 (143 hp)
  • 3-liter V6 (148 hp)
  • 4-liter V6 (207 hp)

Owner Reported Trouble Spots

The Reliability score is based on our latest subscriber survey of 2006 Ford Ranger owners. The owner comments describe problems respondents experienced with this vehicle.

Suspension

Shocks or struts, ball joints, tie rods, wheel bearings, alignment, steering linkage (includes rack and pinion), power steering (pumps and hoses, leaks), wheel balance, springs or torsion bars, bushings, electronic or air suspension.

What Owners Say

Ball joints

"ball joints failed at 100,000 miles"

Anonymous, PA (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"One actually broke about two years ago. Other needed replacement due to wear about 8 months ago"

Robert C., MO (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"Worn ball joints resulting in noise from front suspension on rough roads. Factory ball joints are not grease-able. Replaced with MOOG ball joints which have grease fittings."

Franklin T., NJ (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Bushings

"tie rod end bushing wore out and need replacement"

J P., TX (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)
Power steering leaks

"the dealer says it is weeping (not serious) & there is play on the steering wheel"

Anonymous, AB (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)
Shocks or struts

"shocks failed at 100,000 miles"

Anonymous, PA (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Springs or torsion bars

"Corrosion led to failure of rear suspension"

Anonymous, OH (2006 Ford Ranger None 2.5-L 4 Cyl)

"Had to replace struts and torsion bars"

J P., TX (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"truck made noise when turning left. Problem ended up being caused by the sway bar being broken on both sides which also caused uneven tire wear. Also had to have new shocks all the way around."

Anonymous, OH (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"Various clunking sounds from time to time. The right front was almost 3" lower than the LH front causing the vehicle to lisp. Torsion bars adjusted as part of 4 wheel alignment to relevel vehicle. Later the tech said also need ball joints, tie rod"

Anonymous, MI (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Steering linkage (includes rack and pinion)

"had to replace front rack and pinions"

J P., TX (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)
Steering wheel vibration

"Unable to get to the root cause or correct"

Anonymous, NY (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)
Tie rods

"Loud noise going over bumps, problem also threw off the alignment"

Marco T., FL (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Wheel bearings

"Right front hub went bad"

Anonymous, AK (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"right front wheel bearing replaced at 45000 miles - left front replaced as precaution. $800 - ouch!"

Ben A., MN (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"they froze up"

Anonymous, MI (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

Paint/Trim

Paint (fading, chalking, cracking, or peeling), loose interior and exterior trim or moldings, rust.

What Owners Say

Paint (fading, chalking, cracking, or peeling)

"Very poor overall exterior paint, peeling has exposed bare metal to weather"

James T., CO (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"paint peeled on top of cab."

Larry G., SC (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"Peeling paint has been a continuing occurrence since new."

James T., CO (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"Cab roof (black) paint faded/chalked to the extent that only primer showed in large area, thus entire roof had to be repainted."

F K., NJ (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Rust

"Vehicle has frame corrosion problems that necessitate replacement. Brake and power steering failures resulted from corrosion. Exhaust system is original, and it never has corroded. Seems as though Ford could have used better steel elsewhere, and not limited that choice to the exhause system. No matter, I'm shopping elsewhere"

Anonymous, OH (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"Unexpected and serious corrosion of suspension mounting brackets to truck bed. Frame corroded, probably one year of USble life left. $800 repair at trusted body shop. Previously owned Ford Ranger went 15 years and 330 thoUSnd miles before develo"

Anonymous, OH (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"Rust where cap is. probably not a ford problem"

John T., OH (2006 Ford Ranger None 2.5-L 4 Cyl)

"Truck bed rusting badly"

Anonymous, NY (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"The area in the pickup bed just above the muffler heat shield has rusted through. The heat shield was held in place to the underside of the pickup bed with a foam layer which holds the moisture from rain and snow all too often and for too long"

R A., NH (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"Spare tire rusted frame caused wheel to fall out while driving"

Anonymous, NS (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

Body Integrity

Squeaks, rattles, wind noises, loose or cracked seals and/or weather-stripping, air and water leaks.

What Owners Say

Air or water leaks

"On Windy days, you can hear air leaking on the passenger side. In heavy rain, water leaks into both doors."

Anonymous, BC (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"Water Pump Leak and replacement"

Anonymous, ON (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)
Seals and/or weather-stripping

"Outside rain/wtr able to get inside drivers side door"

Anonymous, (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"The stripping around the back window separated 4 years ago and it would constantly leak into the cab when it rained or had snow melt in the vehicle. It took us about 3 months to figure out why we were getting standing water in the floor of the cab. We sealed the window ourselves because it was to expensive to take it in for them to find the leak and then fix it."

Anonymous, (2006 Ford Ranger None 2.5-L 4 Cyl)
Squeaks or rattles

"rear springs squeak, no apparent remedy"

R L., MA (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"It's a sport Ranger, the vehicle is loud"

Anonymous, TX (2006 Ford Ranger None 2.5-L 4 Cyl)

"On moist days when applying brakes, especially on an incline a squeak is present for as long as I apply the brakes. Had breaks check at Midas and at the dealership and they cant find it"

Marco T., FL (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"related to belts in engine"

Anonymous, NJ (2006 Ford Ranger None 2.5-L 4 Cyl)
Wind noise

"Wind noise at highway speed on Windy days"

Anonymous, ON (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

Climate System

Blower (fan) motor, A/C compressor, condenser, evaporator, heater system, automatic climate control, refrigerant leakage, electrical failure.

What Owners Say

A/C compressor

"Compressor locked up and had to be replaced."

Anonymous, TX (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"Compressor locked ad was replaced. Serpentine belt had to be replaced."

Anonymous, TX (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"I can't discuss the mechanics of the problem due to lack of knowledge on the subject. The system would not cool the air coming through and I was told it was a compressor problem. I was also told that this was a common problem with this vehicle"

Anonymous, NB (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Blower (fan) motor

"Blower motor failed."

Anonymous, TX (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"Fan made strange noise and required replacement, made more complex because of inaccessibility"

Anonymous, TX (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)
Condenser

"The orifice tube was cleaned, this fixed the ac issue."

Andrew B., OH (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Electrical failure

"The AC must be set on max Cool or the heater is on"

Anonymous, TX (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)
Heater system

"heating system stopped working, including heat for windshield defrosting"

Anonymous, AZ (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)
Refrigerant leaks

"refrigerant leaks"

Anonymous, UT (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

Drive System

Driveshaft or axle, CV joint, differential, transfer case, 4WD/AWD components, driveline vibration, traction control, electronic stability control (ESC), electrical failure.

What Owners Say

4WD/AWD components

"replaced switching unit"

Thomas N., CT (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"electronic control module burnt out"

Anonymous, NC (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"Electric motor for shifting into 4WD failing"

Anonymous, NS (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
CV joint

"Vibration during operation from failing CV joint in front drive shaft varying with speed."

Franklin T., NJ (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Driveshaft or axle

"U Joint had to be replaced."

Anonymous, NY (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Transfer case

"4x4 engaging and disengaging, replaced the whole transfer case, under warranty, all paid for by warranty"

Joao G., CT (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"is failing, metal shavings, 4wd doesn't work because of it"

James B., CA (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

Brakes

Antilock system (ABS), parking brake, master cylinder, calipers, rotors, pulsation or vibration, squeaking, brake failure or wear.

What Owners Say

Antilock system (ABS)

"A broken wire caused ABS to stop working until I repaired it"

Anonymous, MN (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)
Calipers

"Siezed"

Vern H., BC (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"Left front brake caliper has been sticking for several months and needs to be replaced"

R A., NH (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Normal routine brake wear

"There are many steep mountain sides here and brake wear it's unusual"

Laurence C., HI (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"Only front brakes needed to be replaced"

William Y., WA (2006 Ford Ranger None 2.5-L 4 Cyl)
Squeaking

"Just squeeky brakes sometimes = never triggers a brake warning light - just annoying"

Anonymous, (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

Exhaust

Muffler, pipes, catalytic converter, exhaust manifold, leaks.

What Owners Say

Muffler

"Had several tail pipe and muffler failures"

Anonymous, MA (2006 Ford Ranger None 2.5-L 4 Cyl)
Other/unsure

"Two recalls of of vehicle account of NHTSA ordered replacement of original Takata airbags."

Franklin T., NJ (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"Recalled defective airbags replaced by dealer free of charge."

James T., CO (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"Recalled twice for same potentially dangerous airbag issue, ie were replaced twice within a year due to potential lethal metal fragment discharge if both driver and passenger sides were to activate/deploy for any reason"

F K., NJ (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"Takata airbag replacement"

Anonymous, NY (2006 Ford Ranger)

Engine Major

Engine rebuild or replacement, cylinder head, head gasket, turbo or supercharger, timing chain or timing belt.

What Owners Say

Cylinder head

"had to have a valve job"

R L., MA (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"I have had to have hardened seats out into the cylinder head on two occasions"

Anonymous, TX (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"Stuck valve"

David G., MO (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)
Timing belt or chain

"Timing chain tensioner failed allowing chain to jump one or more teeth of camshaft sprocket with resulting change in valve timing leading to catastrophic engine failure."

Franklin T., NJ (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"Broken front timing chain guide"

Anonymous, ME (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

Fuel System

Check engine light, sensors (includes O2 or oxygen sensor), emission control devices (includes EGR), engine computer, engine computer, fuel cap, fuel gauge/sender, fuel injection system, fuel pump, fuel leaks, stalling or hesitation.

What Owners Say

Fuel pump

"Unable to start the truck until fuel pump was replaced."

Pauline M., DE (2006 Ford Ranger None 2.5-L 4 Cyl)

"Fuel pump was replaced in early 2016 by Ford Dealer where vehicle was purchased. Replacement pump failed in early 2017. Replacement pump was by then out of warranty so I was forced to bear the entire cost of replacement"

Franklin T., NJ (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"Vehicle has a fuel interrupter that is suppose to shut off fuel in case of a wreck. The sensor has deployed several times over the past few years usually when negotiating pasture or other rough terrain. Here-to-for, I have been able to reset it. The last time, I could not get it to reset hence had to have it towed to town for repair. In the process I had the vehicle tuned up (sparkplugs and sparkplug wires) and replaced a front tie rod end and wheel bearings. Also, replaced the center arm rest that had broke off a few years ago."

Anonymous, NM (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"The fuel pump died at about 54,000 miles. It took 4 tows to the repair shop to finally get it fixed"

Anonymous, CA (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Sensors (includes O2 or oxygen sensor)

"Charcoal canister was bad, replaced myself"

Joao G., CT (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

Power Equipment

Cruise control, clock, warning lights, body control module, keyless entry, wiper motor or washer, tire pressure monitor, interior or exterior lights, horn, gauges, 12V power plug, remote engine start, alarm or security system

What Owners Say

Alternator

"The alternator stopped charging after 22200 miles."

Andrew B., OH (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Battery (not hybrid or electric)

"Original battery failed (dead cell)"

Anonymous, LA (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)
Coil

"Coil failure led to engine misfire and rough idle"

Franklin T., NJ (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Starter

"Would not turn engine over; pushed to start"

Anonymous, OH (2006 Ford Ranger None 2.5-L 4 Cyl)

Transmission Minor

Gear selector or linkage, leaks, transmission computer, transmission sensor or solenoid, clutch adjustment, rough shifting, slipping transmission.

What Owners Say

Coolers and lines

"I started noticing fluid leaking on the garage floor recently. I suspected power steering fluid. Dealer diagnosed Trans Cooler lines rusted requiring replacement. $1000 repair. These lines should NEVER rust out!"

Anonymous, MI (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Rough shifting

"Shifting the 5 speed transmission into 1st gear after the transmission is warmed up is difficult. I have to work with it awhile shift into reverse etc. to get it into gear."

Anonymous, OR (2006 Ford Ranger None 2.5-L 4 Cyl)

"Manual 5 speed difficult to shift into gear after, stopping."

Anonymous, OR (2006 Ford Ranger None 2.5-L 4 Cyl)

"Truck is becoming more difficult to shift into first or other gears after coming to a complete stop. Sometimes very difficult to get into gear after a complete stop. It used to be after long periods of driving now becoming more frequent!"

Anonymous, OR (2006 Ford Ranger None 2.5-L 4 Cyl)

Body Hardware

Power or manual windows, locks and latches, tailgate, hatch or trunk, doors or sliding doors, mirrors, seat controls, safety belts, sunroof, convertible top.

What Owners Say

Locks and latches

"I have Super cab model Ranger. The cables on the rear door handle on both doors have stretched and will not open."

Anonymous, TX (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

"problems with rear doors latch/cable systems"

J P., TX (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Seat controls - movement

"Angle adjustment does not work"

John T., OH (2006 Ford Ranger None 2.5-L 4 Cyl)

Engine Cooling

Radiator, cooling fan, antifreeze leaks, water pump, thermostat, overheating.

What Owners Say

Thermostat

"had a coolant leak and had to replace entire housing assembly"

Anonymous, MD (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Water pump

"Replaced water pump two times due to leaking at impeller shaft seal"

Franklin T., NJ (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"was low on coolant and had shop check out, found weep hole leaking coolant"

Anonymous, MD (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

Electric System

Alternator, starter, hybrid battery and related systems, regular battery, battery cables, engine harness, coil, ignition switch, electronic ignition, distributor or rotor failure, spark plugs and wires failure.

What Owners Say

Exterior lights (other than headlights)

"I had to replace a front, driver side corner light"

Anonymous, MI (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)
Warning lights

"battery light came on had to replace alternator"

Anonymous, MD (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

"After multiple contacts, our local Ford dealership finally replaced the recalled air bags. Then the passenger side airbag turned off light no longer worked. They said a switch had failed. I watched a YouTube video and replaced the incandescent bulb inside the dash. It works fine now."

Darrell K., CA (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

Engine Minor

Accessory belts and pulleys, engine computer, engine mounts, engine knock or ping, oil leaks.

What Owners Say

Engine knock or ping

"Timing chains were loose and causing a noise. The timing chains and tensioners were replaces."

Andrew B., OH (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)
Oil leaks

"At about 30000 miles, the front main bearing seal began to leak. The seal was replaced by my Ford dealer but the repair did not resolve my problem. The seal was replaced a 2nd time which did not fully resolve the leak but made the problem acceptable"

Anonymous, LA (2006 Ford Ranger None 3.0-L V6)

Transmission Major

Transmission rebuild or replacement, torque converter, clutch replacement.

What Owners Say

Transmission rebuild or replacement

"tooth on internal gear broke. Rebuilt and doing fine. This truck was used on a mail route"

Robert C., MO (2006 Ford Ranger None 4.0-L V6)

In-car Electronics

CD or DVD players, radio, speakers, GPS, communication system (e.g., OnStar), display screen freezes or goes blank, phone pairing (e.g. Bluetooth), voice control commands, steering wheel controls, portable music device interface (e.g., iPod/MP3 player), backup or other camera/sensors.

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