The Consumer Reports Guide to Ceiling Fans
It's a breeze to save energy—and money on your utility bill
Unlike air conditioners, ceiling fans don’t lower a room’s temperature. But you can boost your comfort level—and save energy and money—by turning on your ceiling fans and turning off your AC. Or by turning up the thermostat a few degrees and letting the fan do the rest.
"In past tests, most ceiling fans performed similarly on low and high speeds," says John Galeotafiore, who oversees our testing of home products. As a result, we don't currently rate ceiling fans. "But we did find some features that make a difference if you plan to buy a ceiling fan."
Ceiling fans come in a variety of styles and finishes. In the past, we tested a number of three-speed fans 52 inches in diameter, the most popular size. We found that spending more didn’t guarantee better performance but did get fancier finishes on the motor cover and blades. We also learned to predict how noisy a fan would be just by looking at its design.
Read on to learn what else our tests revealed.
Fans save energy. While the perfect summer indoor temperature may be a matter of family debate, you can experiment with your comfort level by setting the thermostat at, say, 78° F and go up or down from there. According to Energy Star, you can save 3 to 5 percent on air-conditioning costs for each degree you raise the thermostat. Using a ceiling fan, which costs little to run, can make you feel up to 4° F cooler. (Don't forget to turn off the fan when you leave the room; fans cool you, not the room.)
Find the Right Ceiling Fan
Look for the Energy Star. Fans that earn the Energy Star label move air 20 percent more efficiently than standard models. And Energy Star fans with light kits are 60 percent more efficient than conventional fans with light kits and can save you more than $15 per year on utility bills.
Select the right size. Though 52-inch fans are the most popular, that size—give or take a couple of inches—works best in rooms that are 225 to 400 square feet. Choose a 42- to 44-inch model for 144 to 225 square feet. Opt for a larger fan if your room size is on the borderline, and run it on a slower speed, which will be quieter.
Suit your style. From basic to ornate, ceiling fans can bring back memories of “Casablanca” or have a Jetsons-like futuristic vibes. Motor-cover finishes include brass, bronze, and pewter. Basic fan blades have a paddle shape, but variations include oval and leaf shapes or wickerlike textures. Finishes include cherry, oak, maple, and painted.
Read up on the installation requirements. Install a ceiling fan in the center of a room at least 7 feet above the floor, 8 to 9 feet for optimal airflow. Generally, blade tips should be no closer than 24 inches to a wall and drapes. Check the manufacturer’s directions for specifics. If you’re replacing a light with a fan, be certain that the electric box in the ceiling can support the weight of the fan. Not sure? Check the installation instructions or call an electrician.
Check the wet/damp rating. If you’re placing a ceiling fan in a bathroom or outdoors, you need to find one that meets UL’s wet/damp rating. If the fan is indoors in a moist room, look for a UL damp rating. If it will be placed outdoors on a porch, look for one with a UL wet rating. Energy Star says that fans with these ratings have such features as sealed moisture-resistant motors, rust-resistant housing, stainless steel hardware, and all-weather blades.
All About Light Kits
Ceiling-fan light kits come three different ways: integrated into the fan, included with the fan at the time of purchase, or sold separately. Many of the light kits that are sold separately are universal, meaning they can be used on a number of fan models. Similarly, most ceiling fans are light-kit adaptable. But there are many cases where compatibility is only between light kits and ceiling fans of the same brand.
If your fan doesn't include lighting, buy an Energy Star-certified light kit. This lighting is efficient and long lasting, so you won't have to make frequent bulb changes. There are three common types of light kits. Branched and stemmed light kits have cans or globes that can point up or down. Uplight kits sit on top of the housing and point toward the ceiling, casting a softer light.
Nearly all Energy Star-certified ceiling-fan light fixtures use bowl lighting, which can be attached directly to the ceiling-fan housing or below the fan. Bowl and shade designs include clear, alabaster, and crystal. Typically, the fancier the glass design, the more expensive.
Use the right lightbulbs. Not all CFLs and LEDs are intended for use in ceiling fans. If your fan has bowl lighting, look for a lightbulb that can be used in an enclosed fixture. If it has cans or globes in which the bulb points down, you’ll need lightbulbs specifically intended for ceiling fans. And keep in mind that lighting affects energy use. LEDs are more efficient than CFLs, and CFLs are more efficient than halogen lightbulbs. Incandescents are the least efficient of all and are being phased out.
Match the Fan to the Room
The style you choose should add to the room décor, like a piece of furniture. You might want to install more than one fan in very large spaces, such as a great room, or if your home has an open floor plan.
Hang it high. A fan at 8 to 9 feet is best for optimal airflow, so if your ceiling is higher, use a downrod to position the fan at the proper height.
Connect with color. Coordinating a fan’s finish with other furnishings helps create unity and balance in a room. You can match the color of a wood fan blade to the floor. Metal fan finishes can coordinate with doorknobs, cabinet hardware, and even kitchen faucets and bathroom fixtures.
Blend it in. If you want to make a fan less obvious, choose a very simple style in a color that blends in with the ceiling. A flush-mounted fan will disappear into the ceiling a bit more.