Having an overactive bladder can be troublesome and embarrassing, especially when it results in bladder leakage. But there are steps you can take to control these symptoms, including behavioral moves, exercises, and if absolutely necessary, drugs.

According to Consumer Reports Best Buy Drugs, medications currently available to treat bladder problems, such as darifenacin (Enablex) and fesoterodine (Toviaz), are only modestly effective. And they can cause unpleasant side effects, including constipation, drowsiness, dry mouth, blurry vision, and dizziness. “These side effects can be so bothersome that many people choose not to continue taking the drugs,” says Consumer Reports chief medical adviser Marvin M. Lipman, M.D.

Our experts recommend trying other techniques to improve your bladder control first—especially if your symptoms are mild. For example, an easy fix may be cutting back on caffeinated beverages. One small study published in the journal Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing in 2014 found that switching from caffeinated to decaffeinated drinks for just a few days reduced how frequently and urgently participants needed to urinate and also reduced the amount of urine they produced.

Kegel exercises, which strengthen the pelvic-floor muscles, are another useful tactic that can improve bladder leakage problems in both women and men. The key is doing them regularly.

Here’s How to Do Kegel Exercises Correctly

  • Empty your bladder.
  • Squeeze the pelvic muscles you would use to stop the flow of urine. (Don’t hold your breath or tighten other muscles.)
  • After each squeeze, fully relax.

Try doing three sets of 10 long repetitions (squeeze for up to 10 seconds, then relax for up to 10 seconds each time) per day. Do three sets of 10 short Kegel exercises (tense and release quickly) each day as well.

For more information on how to do Kegel exercises, check out this National Institutes of Health page