Best Electric Bikes From Consumer Reports' Tests

A little bit of help from an electric motor is attracting more people to e-bikes and bicycling

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CR testing an Electric Bike Photo: John Walsh/Consumer Reports

Electric bikes are more popular than ever. Retail sales this year were up to $607 million as of September, a 226 percent boost compared with pre-pandemic sales, according to NPD Group, a market research company. 

And no wonder. E-bikes make riding easier, and arguably more fun for many, serving as a healthy recreational outlet and frugal means of transportation. With many people looking for the best electric bike for their needs and budget, Consumer Reports bought 11 new bicycles to test this fall. Along with the findings from our previous evaluations, shoppers now have our expert guidance on 16 models, including our picks for the best electric bikes. CR’s e-bike ratings are based on each model’s range, comfort, and overall usability.

More on Bicycles

There’s a lot to know before you buy an electric bike. For starters, regulations differ from state to state, with some states requiring an operator’s license or helmets to use them on public roads. Also, e-bikes tend to be more expensive than conventional bikes, so it pays to make sure it will work for you before buying one.

CR’s evaluations of several different models break their characteristics down into the areas that are most likely to affect the rider: range, acceleration, hill climbing, speed control response, and how the bike performs on just pedal power, when the battery is out of juice.

Three bikes for CR Electric Bike Testing
Consumer Reports

Photo: John Walsh/Consumer Reports Photo: John Walsh/Consumer Reports

Types of Electric Bikes

Class 1 includes pedal-assist bikes, which power the electric motor as your foot applies pressure to the pedal. There’s no throttle control on the handlebar to get the bike going; the electric part works only when the rider is pedaling, and the e-assist cuts off at speeds above 20 mph.

Class 2 bikes also have an electric motor that works up to 20 mph, either while the rider is pedaling (pedal-assist) or with electric propulsion alone, via a throttle control. 

Class 3 limits an e-bike’s top speed to 28 mph. These faster, powered models might not be legal to ride in some areas, such as on bike paths.

Of the 16 e-bike models CR tested, seven were in the Class 1 category, and nine were in Class 2. We did not test any in Class 3. The prices ranged from $600 to $4,000. The highest-rated e-bikes were also the most expensive we tested, although none was anywhere near the $6,000 to $7,000 high end of the price range consumers are likely to encounter at bike shops. More selectable gears made for a better riding experience once the battery was drained and pedaling provided the only motive power. Single-speed bikes aren’t as versatile. Depending on the model, electric assist was applied either at the hub of the rear wheel, or in what’s called a mid-drive, in which power is applied at the bottom bracket, where the pedals are located.

“Electric bikes tend to be more expensive than conventional bicycles, so most people will probably want a good all-arounder,” says Bernie Deitrick, the engineer who leads CR’s e-bike testing program. “We especially liked the mid-drive models that apply electric power where there would normally only be pedals. That setup, plus a bunch of gears to choose from, made for a bike that was almost as good without electric assist as with it. But for pure fun, it’s hard to beat a Class 2 electric bike. Without needing to shift gears, their throttle controls and acceleration ability make them exciting to ride.”

The full ratings from our latest e-bike evaluations are available to Consumer Reports members. Below, we have listed the three highest-rated models from our testing program.

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