A $10 billion settlement in the Volkswagen cheating scandal won preliminary approval from a U.S. District Court judge on Tuesday despite objections from a number of VW owners that the proposed accord was unfair.

Judge Charles Breyer said he was "strongly inclined to approve" the deal, which would compensate up to 482,000 VW owners whose diesel cars gave false results to get around government pollution standards.

The court heard from dozens of VW owners at a hearing in San Francisco, many of whom argued that the settlement wasn't generous enough. When the initial settlement was announced this summer, Consumers Union, the policy and mobilization arm of Consumer Reports, had several concerns as well. Breyer said he would weigh the complaints before coming to a final decision by Oct. 25.

Under the proposed settlement, VW has to buy back the cars at their Sept. 2015 NADA book value (right before the scandal became public), adjusted for mileage and options. Some consumers want the entire purchase price.

The government agencies that negotiated with VW—the U.S. Justice Department, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Federal Trade Commission, and the California Air Resources Board—promised consumers would get generous compensation for the diminished value of their cars, which can emit up to 40 times the permitted amount of smog-forming nitrogen oxides.

VW owners will have the option of selling their cars back to the company or keeping them and getting a free, government-approved repair. Either way, they’ll get cash payments ranging from $5,100 to $10,000. Making the decision to sell or fix won't be easy until more is known about the repair, how well it works, and how much it affects performance and fuel economy.