A house filled with connected devices that are all part of CR's smart home toolkit.
Illustration: T.M. DETWILER

Our homes have been pulling double—or triple or quadruple—duty for almost a year, serving also as schools, offices, gyms, and more. But your home can work even harder: With connected devices you can automate tasks and chores so that your home actually anticipates your needs.

While smart home products can seem intimidating, they’re becoming more mainstream, easier to use, and more prolific. “Over the past few years, we’ve been evaluating more smart devices, from speakers to video doorbells to water leak detectors,” says Maria Rerecich, CR’s senior director of product testing. And prices are falling, too—Philips now sells a $13 color-changing smart bulb, and Wyze has introduced a $30 video doorbell.

Maybe you’re getting your feet wet with a basic smart speaker or looking to integrate a handful of devices. We have plenty of tips that will make it easier. To help you get started, we've organized all of our tips into four sections. If you're completely new to the smart home, we recommend you go through them in order. But if you're looking for more specific advice, feel free to jump ahead using these links:

Start With a Smart Speaker
Add Devices and Control Them With Voice Commands
Automate Even More by Syncing Multiple Devices
When One Device Is All You Need 

Start With a Smart Speaker

A connected speaker can take on multiple roles in your house. Speakers from Amazon or Google can add new abilities through voice apps known as “skills” or “actions,” while Apple smart speakers work with select apps from your iPhone or iPad. Here’s a small sampling of what you can do with a single speaker or a few working together. Some tasks require minimal setup in the speaker’s app, and then they can be activated by a voice command.

Streamline Your Mornings
• Launch a workout skill, such as Easy Yoga or 7-Minute Workout, to get in some exercise, and the speaker will broadcast the instructions.

• Listen to the morning news briefing from outlets such as NPR or USA Today while you make breakfast.

• With multiple smart speakers, you can ask the assistant to play a message throughout your home telling your kids the school bus is arriving soon—or that it’s time to log on for distance learning.

• Get the day’s weather forecast before you head out the door. And if you designate your office location, you can ask Alexa or Google “What’s my commute look like?” to check the traffic.

• Ask your speaker for a rundown of your calendar that day, whether you’re attending meetings in person or via Zoom.

More on Smart Home

Create a Multiroom Sound System
You can do this with multiple speakers that use the same assistant (Alexa, Google, or Siri). When you set up your speakers for the first time, each assistant’s app will walk you through the process of creating a multiroom speaker group. When you’re finished, tell the assistant to, for example, play music downstairs.

Enlist a Sous Chef
Alexa- and Google-enabled smart speakers can help out in the kitchen.

• Need inspiration? Say “Find recipes for [blank],” then scan through the ideas. This requires a speaker with a touch screen; see our top-rated picks below.

Quick Take

Amazon Echo Show (2nd Generation)

Price: $230

Sound quality
Ease of use
Versatility
Unlock Smart Speaker Ratings
Quick Take

Google Nest Hub Max

Price: $230

Sound quality
Ease of use
Versatility
Unlock Smart Speaker Ratings

• When whipping up an elaborate meal or cooking separate dishes for picky eaters, set multiple kitchen timers with commands like “Set a pasta timer for 10 minutes; set a broccoli timer for 7 minutes.”

• When you run out of a staple during meal prep, tell your smart speaker “Add [blank] to the shopping list.”

• Ended up burning dinner? Ask your speaker to call your favorite restaurant so you can order delivery.

Keep Tabs on an Elderly Family Member
If you have a loved one who lives alone, Amazon’s free elder care feature for its smart speakers, called Alexa Care Hub, monitors their interactions with the speaker and sends you alerts if it notices no activity for an extended period. The feature allows you to call or video chat with your family member to check in, or they can ask Alexa to call you for help, if needed. It could be a light-touch way to keep an eye on a relative who wants to main­tain a degree of indepen­dence, says Justin Brookman, director of privacy and technol­ogy policy for CR. But “as with any surveillance technology, I can see potential for abuse, too," he says. "People might not understand they’re being tracked, especially if they’re not the ones setting up Alexa.”

Use It as a Security System
Thanks to its microphones and sound-detection algorithms, your Amazon or Google speaker can stand in for a basic security system. Amazon’s free service, called Alexa Guard, can alert you when you’re away if your speaker detects the sound of smoke/CO alarms or glass breaking. (Or pay $5/month for an upgraded version.) With Google’s Nest Aware service, $6/month, your speaker will alert you if it hears a smoke alarm or glass breaking. You’ll also be able to call your home’s 911 dispatcher from the Google Home app (handy if you’re out), though not from the speaker itself. Enable these services from the Alexa and Google Home apps.


Add More Devices—and Control Them With Simple Voice Commands

Your smart speaker can interact with many other devices. With each new addition, you’ll get increased functionality. The setup doesn’t need to be complex.

To connect devices to your speaker, you’ll have to add them in your assistant’s app (the Alexa app, Google Home app, or Apple Home app). Not as many products work with Apple HomeKit/Siri compared with Alexa and Google. Some products use the separate Apple Shortcuts or Google Assistant apps to connect to their assistants. To get you started, here are six devices that can work with your speaker.

• Smart bulb/plug/switch: Give the lights a name in your assis­tant’s app, then say, for instance, “Turn on the hall lights.”

• Video doorbell: “[Assistant], show me the front door.” See our step-by-step guides on conn­ecting a doorbell to Alexa or Google. Below is a top-rated model from our tests:

Quick Take

Nest Hello Video Doorbell

Price: $230

Video quality
Data privacy
Data security
Unlock Home Security Camera Ratings

• Robotic vacuum: “Start the robot vacuum.” You’ll need a connected model. Here's one of our top picks:

Quick Take

Eufy 30C

Price: $300

Bare floors
Carpet
Navigation
Unlock Vacuum Cleaner Ratings

• Smart thermostat: “Turn up the heat” when you’re cold. See a top-performing thermostat, below:

Quick Take

Honeywell Home T9 RCHT9510WF

Price: $170

Automation
Manual operation
Smart IQ
Unlock Thermostat Ratings

• Wireless printer, with Alexa: “Print out the grocery list.”

• Smart garage door: “Close the garage door.”


Illustration: T.M. DETWILER

Automate Even More by Syncing Multiple Devices

To make your smart home truly run itself, you can create routines via your speaker’s digital assistant. These simple programs are usually made up of “if, then” lists that you create (as in, IF you arm the security system, THEN turn off the lights). Once they’re set up, certain conditions will automatically trigger the routines, or you can activate them with voice commands you choose. Both Amazon and Google use the term “routines,” but Apple differentiates between scenes and automations. Scenes are activated with your voice (or a button press in the Home app); automations run on their own.

Control a Few Devices With a Single Voice Command
Use the Amazon Alexa, Google Home, Apple Home, and/or Apple Shortcuts apps to create your own routines. The interface in each app is slightly different, but the process is essentially the same. You type in the command you want to give (such as “Alexa, good night”), then choose the devices you want to automate, along with the changes you want those devices to make. For example, you might select a smart plug (connected to a fan) and have it turn on. When you’re done crafting your routine, enable it so that you can use the voice command. Here are a few basics to get you started:

• “Good night”—lock the door, turn off the lights, and fire up the robotic vacuum to clean while you sleep.

• “Good morning”—turn on the lights, turn up the heat, and play the morning news.

• “It’s movie night”—dim the lights, turn on the TV, and open Netflix.

See these complete step-by-step instructions on how to use Alexa, Google Assistant, and Siri/Apple HomeKit to create routines, scenes, and automations.

Let Your Smart Home Anticipate Certain Needs
The following routines happen automatically when certain conditions are met, but they’re possible only with Alexa and Siri. Outside of voice commands, the Google Assistant can trigger routines only at a specific time or when you leave/arrive home. Google users aren’t completely out of luck, though. There are third-party services, such as IFTTT or Yonomi, that can be used to automate all sorts of devices. (Yonomi is free; IFTTT charges a monthly fee of $4 after three free custom automations.)

• When your security camera detects motion outside at night, have your speaker’s digital assistant automatically turn on or brighten outdoor lights. This is a great way to deter potential intruders without blaring an alarm. Simply create a routine that activates when your outdoor security camera detects motion at night and have it turn on outdoor lights (or set their brightness to 100 percent). Here, a superb security camera that can do just that:

Quick Take

Arlo Pro 3 VMC4040P

Price: $200

Video quality
Data privacy
Data security
Unlock Home Security Camera Ratings

• When you arm your security system (see one of our top picks, below) when you’re leaving home, have your digital assistant set the thermostat to turn down the heat.

Quick Take

Abode Essentials Starter Kit

Price: $250

Security essentials
Ease of setup
Ease of use
Unlock Home Security System Ratings

When One Device Is All You Need

Nope, you don’t have to invest in multiple products (or even a smart speaker) if you’d like to set up some targeted automations. A stand-alone device—one that’s designed to handle a single chore or task—can be surprisingly useful, with no other hardware required.

Keep an Eye on Your Home With Smartphone Alerts
Just about every connected device is capable of sending simple push notifications. Here are a few ways you can deputize these devices to keep watch over your house and your family, 24/7:

• Know exactly when the kids get home from school with an alert from a smart lock, a video doorbell, a security camera, or a security system.

• Install a security system door sensor on any door and get a ping when somebody opens it. Examples: on the patio door to guard against an adventurous child slipping outside, on the cabinet door where you keep the liquor, or on the kitchen cupboard where you keep cookies hidden from the kids.

• Outsmart porch pirates with a video doorbell, such as the Google Nest Hello or Arlo Video Doorbell, that can detect when packages are left outside your door.

• End your “Did I lock the door?” anxiety with a smart lock that has a door open/close sensor, such as the August WiFi Smart Lock (see below). If you’re out, you can double-check that the front door is closed and locked.

Quick Take

August WiFi Smart Lock AUG SL05-M01-G01

Price: $250

Ease of remote access
Connectivity
Convenience
Unlock Door Lock Ratings

Make Your Home More Convenient and Efficient
Here are some stand-alone products that can do just that:

• Stop water leaks before they cause major damage with a water leak detector that has a shut-off valve. See one of the best models from our tests, below:

Quick Take

Flo by Moen Smart Water Shutoff System 900-001

Price: $500

Leak detection
Convenience
Unlock Water Leak Detector Ratings

• Install a smart sprinkler controller, which checks weather forecasts to adjust watering schedules and levels, saving you water and money. Here, one of our top performers:

Quick Take

RainMachine Touch HD-12

Price: $240

Weather responsiveness
Convenience
WiFi
Unlock Sprinkler Timer Ratings

• Use a smart bulb or switch that tracks local sunset times to automatically illuminate your porch lights precisely at sunset all year long. These are available from brands such as Philips Lighting and Wemo.

• Let in guests or contractors when you’re not home with a WiFi-enabled smart lock. You can unlock the door from the lock’s app or give the visitor a PIN code that works for a set amount of time or only at certain times of day.